Pokroky ve forenzní analýze DNA izolované z kostí: poznatky získané při zkoumání archaické DNA

Progress in forensic bone DNA analysis: Lessons learned from ancient DNA

Hofreiter, Michael; Šneberger, Jiří; Pospíšek, Martin; Vaněk, Daniel. Forensic Science International: Genetics. 2021 May 28. doi:10.1016/j.fsigen.2021.102538. IF: 4,882.

RNDr. Daniel Vaněk, Ph.D.

RNDr. Daniel Vaněk, Ph.D., Ústav soudního lékařství 2. LF UK a FNB

Abstract

Research on ancient and forensic DNA is related in many ways, and the two fields must deal with similar obstacles. Therefore, communication between these two communities has the potential to improve results in both research fields. Here, we present the insights gained in the ancient DNA community with regard to analyzing DNA from aged skeletal material and the potential use of the developed protocols in forensic work. We discuss the various steps, from choosing samples for DNA extraction to deciding between classical PCR amplification and massively parallel sequencing approaches. Based on the progress made in ancient DNA analyses combined with the requirements of forensic work, we suggest that there is substantial potential for incorporating ancient DNA approaches into forensic protocols, a process that has already begun to a considerable extent. However, taking full advantage of the experiences gained from ancient DNA work will require comparative studies by the forensic DNA community to tailor the methods developed for ancient samples to the specific needs of forensic studies and case work. If successful, in our view, the benefits for both communities would be considerable.

Vytvořeno: 18. 5. 2022 / Upraveno: 20. 5. 2022 / Odpovědná osoba: Mgr. Petr Andreas, Ph.D.