Perioperative Histologically Controlled Fistula Resection in Patients with Imperforate Anus and Perineal Fistula

Richard SkabaVojtech Dotlacil, Pavla Fuccillo, Blanka Rouskova, Lucie PosMichal Rygl. European Journal of Pediatric Surgery. November 2023. doi

prof. MUDr. Richard Škába, CSc.

Prof. MUDr. Richard Škába, CSc., Department of Paediatric Surgery, Second Faculty of Medicine and Motol University Hospital


Introduction: Postoperative constipation (PC) in patients with imperforate anus and perineal fistula (PF) has been reported in up to 60%. Histological studies of PF revealed innervation anomalies which seem to be one of the reasons for PC. Perioperative histologically controlled fistula resection (PHCFR) allows appropriate resection of PF and pull-down normoganglionic rectum at the time of posterior sagittal anorectoplasty (PSARP).

Materials and methods: A total of 665 patients with anorectal malformations underwent surgery between 1991 and 2021. Of these, 364 presented PF; 92 out of them (41 F) were studied. Patients with sacral and spinal cord anomalies, neurological disorders, and cut-back anoplasty were excluded. PSARP was done on all patients. Hematoxylin-eosin staining and NADH Tetrazolium-reductase histochemical method were used. Four and more ganglion cells in the myenteric plexus represented a sufficient length of the resection. The continence was scored according to the modified Krickenbeck scoring system. Final scores ranged from 1 to 7 points. Values are given as median.

Results: A total of 65 (70.7%) patients presented an aganglionic segment in PF, and 27 patients presented hypoganglionosis. The median length of the resected fistula was 25 mm (interquartile range [IQR]: 20-30). The median total continence score was 7 (IQR: 6-7). Post-op constipation was observed in 6/92 (6.5%) patients.

Conclusion: PHCFR diminished PC to 6.5% of patients.

Vytvořeno: 20. 12. 2023 / Upraveno: 20. 12. 2023 / PhDr. Mgr. Kateřina Křenová