Koucký, Václav; Pohunek, Petr. Pediatric Pulmonology [online]. 13 April 2022. IF: 4,09. doi
MUDr. Václav Koucký, Ph.D., Department of Paediatrics, Second Faculty of Medicine and Motol University Hospital
To describe the short- and medium-term repeatability of lung clearance index at 2.5% (LCI2.5) in infants and calculate the number of patients needed to enroll in a study (N) using LCI2.5 as a primary outcome.
An 8-month follow-up observational study was employed for assessing short-term [coefficient of repeatability (CR) and intraclass correlation (ICC)] and medium-term repeatability (Bland–Altman method) of LCI2.5 in infants with cystic fibrosis (CF) or recurrent wheeze (RW) measured by the nitrogen multiple-breath washout test (N2-MBW). Using these variability data, the N to reach 90% test power at the level of statistical significance (0.05) was calculated.
Forty infants with CF and 21 with RW were enrolled. Initial N2-MBW testing was successful in 33 and 17 patients, respectively. Follow-up data were available for 23 and 11 infants, respectively. Short-term repeatability of LCI2.5 was high (CR = 1.10 and 1.04 in CF and RW patients, respectively; ICC = 0.88 and 0.83 in CF and RW patients, respectively). The between-subject standard deviation was <13% of the actual LCI2.5 value. In clinically stable patients, LCI2.5 did not significantly change during the 8-month follow-up. Mean LCI2.5 change was −0.08 (1% of baseline) in CF and −0.05 (0.6%) in RW, with 95% limits of agreement being (−1.70; 1.53) in CF and (−1.51; 1.40) in RW patients. N = 23 infants if both intragroup differences of LCI2.5 and minimal difference to be detected would be 2.0.
N2-MBW may be a reproducible tool with reasonable test power to detect differences in infant studies.