General and inorganic chemistry
SI units. Atomic structure. Subatomic particles. Electron configurations. Symbols of the elements. Periodic properties of the elements. Stoichiometry. Weight relationships (atomic number, atomic mass number, molecular weight…). Mole concept. Writing balanced chemical equations. Calculations based on balanced equations. Concentrations (expressing and calculating concentration, weight, volume percent, molarity). Nomenclature and formula writing. Thermochemistry. Reaction heat. Chemical bonding. Ionic bonding. Polar and nonpolar covalent bonding. Intermolecular forces in solids, liquids and gases. Kinetics. Activation energy and catalysis. Equilibria. Acid-base equilibria. Electrolytic dissociation. Dissociation constant. Strong and weak electrolytes. pH. Hydrolysis. Solubility product. Oxidation-reduction. Dispersion systems (diffusion, osmosis). Chemical properties of main biogenic elements. Coordination compounds.
Structure, nomenclature and reactions of alkanes, alkenes, alkynes, alkylhalides, thiols, alcohols, phenols, aldehydes, ketones and carboxylic acids. Aromatic compounds – structure, nomenclature and reactions. Carboxylic acids and derivatives. Amines and other nitrogen functions. Heterocyclic compounds.
Structure features of amino acids, classification and reactions. Proteins – structure, properties and function. Saccharides – classificaton, structure, stereochemistry, biological significance. Lipids – classification – stucture and properties. Fatty acids. Enzyme and enzyme activity. Macroergic compounds, ATP. Citric acid cycle, the respiratory chain. Ureosynthetic cycle. Glycolysis. Purine and pyrimidine nucleotides. Structure of DNA and RNA.