Short- and long-term outcomes of alcohol septal ablation for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy in patients with mild left ventricular hypertrophy: a propensity score matching analysis.
Veselka J, Faber L, Liebregts M, Cooper R, Januska J, Kashtanov M, Dabrowski M, Hansen PR, Seggewiss H, Hansvenclova E, Bundgaard H, Ten Berg J, Stables RH, Jensen MK. European Heart Journal. https://doi.org/10.1093/eurheartj/ehz110. Published 30 April 2019. IF: 23.425
prof. MUDr. Josef Veselka, CSc., Department of Cardiology
Aims: Based on European guidelines, alcohol septal ablation (ASA) for hypertrophic obstructive cardiomyopathy (HOCM) is indicated only in patients with interventricular septum (IVS) thickness >16 mm. The aim of this study was to evaluate the short- and long-term outcomes in ASA patients with mild hypertrophy (IVS ≤ 16 mm).
Methods and results: We retrospectively evaluated 1505 consecutive ASA patients and used propensity score to match 172 pairs (344 patients) in groups IVS ≤ 16 mm or IVS > 16 mm. There was no occurrence of post-ASA ventriculoseptal defect in the whole cohort (n = 1505). Matched patients had 30-day mortality rate 0% in IVS ≤ 16 mm group and 0.6% in IVS > 16 mm group (P = 1). Patients in IVS ≤ 16 mm group had more ASA-attributable early complications (16% vs. 9%; P = 0.049), which was driven by higher need for pacemaker implantation (13% vs. 8%; P = 0.22). The mean follow-up was 5.4 ± 4.3 years and the annual all-cause mortality rate was 1.8 and 3.2 deaths per 100-patient-years in IVS ≤ 16 group and IVS > 16 group, respectively (log-rank test P = 0.04). There were no differences in symptom relief and left ventricular (LV) gradient reduction. Patients with IVS ≤ 16 mm had less repeated septal reduction procedures (log-rank test P = 0.03).
Conclusion: Selected patients with HOCM and mild hypertrophy (IVS ≤ 16 mm) had more early post-ASA complications driven by need for pacemaker implantation, but their long-term survival is better than in patients with IVS >16 mm. While relief of symptoms and LV obstruction reduction is similar in both groups, a need for repeat septal reduction is higher in patients with IVS > 16 mm.